Great Zimbabwe
Government & Administration

The Constitution
The Independence Constitution signed at the Lancaster House Conference in 1979, together with 17 amendments, is the fundamental law which determines Zimbabwe's governmental structure. A proposed new constitution was rejected by the electorate in the February 2000 referendum. The Constitution provides for three arms of of the State, namely the Executive, the Judiciary, and the Legislature. The Ministers are appointed by the President. Ministers are accountable to the President and are selected from members of Parliament.

The Executive
The President is the head-of-state as well as the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Forces.  He/she must be a Zimbabwean citizen by birth or descent, age 40 or above, and reside in Zimbabwe. The President is elected for a six-year term by all registered voters and may be re-elected for any number of additional terms. The Constitution provides for two vice-presidents at a time who are appointed by the President. Their functions include assisting to discharge executive responsibilities. The vice-presidents and ministers can be removed by the President or replaced upon death or resignation.

The Judiciary
Judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court, the High Court, and subsidiary courts established by an act of Parliament, namely, magistrate courts.  Local courts are headed by chiefs and/or headmen, and small claims courts.  The President appoints the Chief Justice, who is the head of the judiciary and Supreme and High court judges after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission. Judges are removed from office upon reaching retirement age or for infirmity of mind or body, or bad behaviour.  The constitutional retirement age is 65, but a judge in good health may retire at 70.

COMPOSITION OF THE NEW INCLUSIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE

R.G. Mugabe
His Excellency the President

J. Msika
Vice-President
(ZANU-PF)

J.T.R. Mujuru, MP
Vice President
(ZANU-PF)

M.R. Tsvangirai
Prime Minister

Professor A.G.O. Mutambara
Deputy Prime Minister

T. Khupe
Deputy Prime Minister
(MDC-T)

Dr. S.T. Sekeramayi
Minister of State for National Security in President's Office
MP (ZANU-PF)

D.N.E. Mutasa
Minister of State for Presidential Affairs
(ZANU-PF)

J.L. Nkomo, Senator
Minister of State in the President's Office
(ZANU-PF)

F. Bhuka, MP
Minister of State in the Vice President's Office
(ZANU-PF)

S.R. Nguni, MP
Minister of State in the Vice President's Office
(ZANU-PF)

G. Moyo, MP
Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
(MDC-T)

S.M. Holland, Senator
Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
(MDC-T)

G.J. Sibanda, Senator
Minister of State in the Deputy Prime Minister's Office
(MDC-M)

Dr. J.M. Made
Minister for Agriculture, Mechanisation & Irrigation Development
ZANU-PF

Advocate E.T. Matinenga, MP
Minister for Constitutional & Parliamentary Affairs
(MDC-T)

E.D. Mnangagwa, Senator
Minister of Defense
(ZANU-PF)

E.S. Mangoma, MP
Minister for Economic Planning & Development
(MDC-T)

D. Coltart, Senator
Minister for Education, Sport, Arts & Culture
(MDC-M)

Engineer E. Mudzuri, MP
Minister for Energy & Power Development
(MDC-T)

F.D.C. Nhema, MP
Minister for the Environoment & Natural Resources
(ZANU-PF)

T.L. Biti, MP
Minister for Finance
(MDC-T)

S.S. Mumbengegwi
Minister for Foreign Affairs
(ZANU-PF)

Dr. H. Madzorera, MP
Minister for Health & Child Welfare
(MDC-T)

Dr. I.S.G. Mudenge, MP
Minister for Higher & Tertiary Education
(ZANU-PF)

K.D.C. Mohadi, MP
Co-Minister for Home Affairs
(ZANU-PF)

G. Mutsekwa, MP
Co-Minister for Home Affairs
(MDC-T)

F.G. Mhashu, MP
Minister for Housing & Social Amenities
(MDC-T)

Professor W. Ncube, Senator
Minister for Industry & Commerce
(MDC-M)

N. Chamisa, MP
Minister for Justice & Legal Affairs
(ZANU-PF)

P.A. Chinamasa, Senator
Minister for Justice & Legal Affairs
(ZANU-PF)

P. Mpariwa-Gwanyanya, MP
Minister for Labour & Social Welfare
(MDC-T)

Dr. H.M. Murerwa, MP
Minister for Lands & Rural Resettlement
(ZANU-PF)

Dr. I.M. Chombo, MP
Minister for Local Government, Urban & Rural Development
(ZANU-PF)

S. Zvidzai, MP
Minister for Local Government, Urban & Rural Development
(MDC-T)

W.K. Shamu, MP
Minister for the Media, Information & Publicity
(ZANU-PF)

O.M. Mpofu, MP
Minister for Mines & Mining Development
(ZANU-PF)

M. Zwizwai, MP
Minister for Mines & Mining Development
(MDC-T)

Professor E.G Mukonoweshuro
Minister for the Public Service
(MDC-T)

T.M. Makone, MP
Minister for Public Works
(MDC-T)

P. Misihairabwi-Mushonga, Senator
Minister for Regional Integration & International Co-operation
(MDC-M)

Professor H.A.M. Dzinotyiwei, MP
Minister for Science & Technology
(MDC-T)

S.G.G. Nyoni, MP
Minister for Small & Medium Enterprises & Co-operative Development
(ZANU-PF)

G.J. Gabuza, MP
Minister for State Enterprises & Parastatals
(MDC-T)

Engineer W. Mzembi, MP
Minister for Tourism & the Hospitality Industry
(ZANU-PF)

N.T. Goche, MP
Minister for Transport & Infrastructural Development
(ZANU-PF)

S.S. Nkomo, MP
Minister for Water Resources & Development
(MDC-T)

Dr. O.N. Muchena, MP
Minister for Women's Affairs, Gender & Community Development
(ZANU-PF)

S. Kasukuwere, MP
Minister for Youth Development, Indigenisation & Empowerment
(ZANU-PF)

S. Undenge, MP
Deputy Minister for Economic Planning & Development
(ZANU-PF)

H.M. Nyanhongo, MP
Deputy Minister for Energy & Power Development
(ZANU-PF)

M.M. Ndlovu, MP
Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs
(MDC-T)

Dr. D.T. Mombeshora
Deputy Minister for Health & Child Welfare
(ZANU-PF)

M.C. Bimha, MP
Deputy Minister for Industry & Commerce
(ZANU-PF)

J.F. Majome, MP
Deputy Minister for Justice & Legal
(MDC-T)

T. Mutinhiri, MP
Deputy Minister for Labour & Social Welfare
(ZANU-PF)

J.Z Timba, MP
Deputy Minister for the Media, Information & Publicity
(MDC-T)

A. Langa, MP
Deputy Minister for the Public Service
(ZANU-PF)

A. Georgias, Senator
Deputy Minister for Public Works
(ZANU-PF)

R. Marumahoko, Senator
Deputy Minister for Regional Integration & International Co-operation
(ZANU-PF)

W.K. Chidhakwa, MP
Deputy Minister for State Enterprises & Parastatals
(ZANU-PF)

Dr. T. Mudzingwa, MP
Deputy Minister for Transport & Infrastructural Development
(MDC-T)

E.P. Masaiti, MP
Deputy Minister for Women's Affairs, Gender & Community Development
(MDC-T)


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